Heather D. Baker
Assyriology/Ancient Near Eastern Studies
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Articles and contributions

in press/accepted for publication

  • “Textual information and archaeology.” In G. Rubio (ed.), Handbook of Ancient Mesopotamia. Berlin: De Gruyter.
  • “Beyond planning: how the Babylonian city was formed.” In C. Wunsch (ed.), proceedings of St. Petersburg session of the 53rd RAI held in Moscow and St. Petersburg.


  • “Slavery and personhood in the Neo-Assyrian empire.” In J. Bodel and W. Scheidel (eds), On Human Bondage. After Slavery and Social Death’. Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 15–30.


  • “Urban craftsmen and other specialists, their land holdings, and the Neo-Assyrian state.” In J.C. Moreno García (ed.), Dynamics of Production in the Ancient Near East 1300–500 BC’. Oxford: Oxbow Books, pp. 53–73.


  • “Family structure, household cycle and the social use of domestic space in urban Babylonia.” In M. Müller (ed), Household Studies in Complex Societies. (Micro) Archaeological and Textual Approaches. OIS 10. Chicago: Oriental Institute, pp. 371–407.
  • “The transmission of offices, professions and crafts within the family in the Neo-Assyrian period.” In A. Archi (ed.), Tradition and Innovation in the Ancient Near East. Proceedings of the 57th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale at Rome, 4–8 July 2011. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, pp. 587–596.
  • (with M. Groß) “Doing the king's work: perceptions of service in the Neo-Assyrian royal correspondence.” In L. Reinfandt and S. Tost (eds), Official Epistolography and the Language(s) of Power. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference of the NFN Imperium and Officium (Vienna 2010). Papyrologica Vindobonensia 8. Vienna: Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, pp. 73–90.
  • “Uraš.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 14/5–6: 406–407.


  • “House size and household structure: quantitative data in the study of Babylonian urban living conditions.” In H.D. Baker and M. Jursa (eds), Documentary Sources in Ancient Near Eastern and Greco-Roman Economic History: Methodology and Practice. Oxford & Philadelphia: Oxbow Books, pp. 7–23.
  • “‘I burnt, razed (and) destroyed those cities’: the Assyrian accounts of deliberate architectural destruction.” In J.M. Mancini & K. Bresnahan (eds), Architecture and Armed Conflict: The Politics of Destruction. London & New York: Routledge, pp. 45–57.
  • “The Babylonian cities: investigating urban morphology using texts and archaeology.” In N.N. May and U. Steinert (eds), The Fabric of Cities: Aspects of Urbanism, Urban Topography and Society in Mesopotamia, Greece and Rome. Leiden: Brill, pp. 171–188.
  • “Babylonian city walls in a historical and cross-cultural perspective.” In H. Neumann, R. Dittmann, S. Paulus, G. Neumann, & A. Schuster-Brandis (eds), Krieg und Frieden im Alten Vorderasien. 52e Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale / International Congress of Assyriology and Near Eastern Archaeology, Münster, 17.-21. Juli 2006. AOAT 401. Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, pp. 87–96.
  • “Temple and city in Hellenistic Uruk: sacred space and the transformation of Late Babylonian society.” In: E. Frood & R. Raja (eds), Redefining the Sacred: Religious Architecture and Text in the Near East and Egypt 1000 BC — AD 300. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 183–208.
  • “Tiglat-pileser I. Reallexikon der Assyriologie 14/1–2: 19–21.
  • “Tiglat-pileser II.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 14/1–2: 21.
  • “Tiglat-pileser III.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 14/1–2: 21–24.
  • “Trennwand (party wall). B. Im 1. Jahrtausend.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 14/1–2: 121–122.
  • “Turm. A.I.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 14/3–4: 195–196.
  • “Ulmaš-šakin-šumi.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 14/3–4: 310.


  • “Beneath the stairs in the Rēš temple of Hellenistic Uruk. A study in cultic topography and spatial organization.” Zeitschrift für Orient-Archäologie 6: 18–42.
  • “Wirtschaft und Verwaltung in Babylonien.” In N. Crüsemann, M. van Ess, M. Hilgert \& B. Salje (eds), Uruk — 5000 Jahre Megacity. Berlin: Imhof Verlag, pp. 275–281.
  • “The statue of Bēl in the Ninurta temple at Babylon.” Archiv für Orientforschung 52 (2007–2012) 117–120.
  • “The image of the city in Hellenistic Babylonia.” In E. Stavrianopoulou (ed.), Shifting Social Imaginaries in the Hellenistic Period: Narratives, Practices, Images. Mnemosyne Supplements 363. Leiden and Boston: Brill, pp. 51–65.
  • “Testament. 1 Jt.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 13/7–8: 611–613.


  • “The Neo-Babylonian empire.” In D.T. Potts (ed.), A Companion to the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 914–930.
  • “The meaning of tuppi.” Revue d'Assyriologie 104 (2010 [published June 2012]) 131–162.


  • “From street altar to palace: reading the built environment of urban Babylonia.” In: K. Radner and E. Robson (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Cuneiform Culture. Oxford: OUP, pp. 533–552.
  • “Babylonian land survey in socio-political context,” in: The Empirical Dimension of Ancient Near Eastern Studies / Die empirische Dimension altorientalischer Forschungen, ed. G.J. Selz with the collaboration of K. Wagensonner. Wiener Offene Orientalistik Bd. 6. Vienna & Berlin: LIT Verlag, pp. 293–323.
  • “Sippar A. II. Im 1. Jahrtausend. § 3.5. Topographische Informationen.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 12/7–8: 535–536.
  • “Šitir-parnu.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 12/7–8: 558.


  • “The social dimensions of Babylonian domestic architecture in the Neo-Babylonian and Achaemenid periods.” In J. Curtis and S. Simpson (eds), The World of Achaemenid Persia—History, Art and Society in Iran and the Ancient Near East. London: IB Tauris, pp. 179–194 (Chapter 16).
  • “Babylonian shops.” NABU 2010/88.


  • “A waste of space? Unbuilt land in the Babylonian cities of the first millennium BC.” Iraq 71: 89–98.
  • “Correction to NABU 2008/27.” NABU 2009/49.


  • “Salmanassar I.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 11/7–8: 579–580.
  • “Salmanassar II.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 11/7–8: 581.
  • “Salmanassar III.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 11/7–8: 581–585.
  • “Salmanassar IV.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 11/7–8: 585.
  • “Salmanassar V.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 11/7–8: 585–587.
  • “Šamšī-Adad II.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 11/7–8: 635–6.
  • “Šamšī-Adad III.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 11/7–8: 636.
  • “Šamšī-Adad IV.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 11/7–8: 636.
  • “Šamšī-Adad V.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 11/7–8: 636–638.
  • “Šamši-ilu.” Reallexikon der Assyriologie 11/7–8: 639–640.
  • “The layout of the ziggurat temple at Babylon.” NABU 2008/27.
  • “Babylon in 484 BC: the excavated archival tablets as a source for urban history.” Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 98/1: 100–116. [online access]
  • “Onbebouwde Grond in Babylonische Steden.” Phoenix 54/3: 177–192 (themed issue ‘De stad in het eerste millennium v. Chr.’). [appeared 2009]


  • “Occupations (Mesopotamia and the Ancient Near East).” In P. Bogucki (ed.), Encyclopedia of Society and Culture in the Ancient World. Facts on File, New York.
  • “Scandals and corruption (Mesopotamia and the Ancient Near East).”  In P. Bogucki (ed.), Encyclopedia of Society and Culture in the Ancient World. New York: Facts on File.
  • “Urban form in the first millennium BC.” In G. Leick (ed.), The Babylonian World. London: Routledge, pp. 66–77.


  • “The property portfolio of a family of builders from Hellenistic Uruk.” In H.D. Baker and M. Jursa (eds), Approaching the Babylonian Economy. Proceedings of the START-Project Symposium Held in Vienna, 1-3 July 2004. AOAT 330. Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, pp. 7–43.
  • “Introduction” (with M. Jursa). In H.D. Baker and M. Jursa (eds), Approaching the Babylonian Economy. Proceedings of the START-Project Symposium Held in Vienna, 1-3 July 2004. AOAT 330. Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, pp. 1–6.


  • “Emendations to BiMes 24 19 // BRM 2 28.” NABU 2004/4 no. 94.
  • “OIP 122 12: some remarks.” NABU 2004/4 no. 90.
  • “Casting off the fetters: BM 41449 reconsidered.” NABU 2004/4 no.  89.
  • “The ‘small cubit’: a note on Late Babylonian surface mensuration.” NABU 2004/3 no. 70.


  • “Record-keeping practices as revealed by the Neo-Babylonian private archival documents.” In M. Brosius (ed.), Ancient Archives and Archival Traditions. Concepts of Record-keeping in the Ancient World. Oxford Studies in Ancient Documents. Oxford: OUP, pp. 241–263.


  • “Approaches to Akkadian name-giving in first millennium BC Mesopotamia.” In C. Wunsch (ed.), Mining the Archives. Festschrift for Christopher Walker on the Occasion of his 60th Birthday. Babylonische Archive 1. Dresden: ISLET Verlag, pp. 1–24.
  • 295 contributions to Heather D. Baker (ed.), The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, Volume 3, Part I: P–S (Sade). Helsinki.


  • “Degrees of freedom: slavery in first millennium BC Babylonia,” in P. Mitchell (ed.), The Archaeology of Slavery. World Archaeology 33/1: 18–26.
  • c. 600 contributions to Heather D. Baker (ed.), The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, Volume 2, Part II: L–N. Helsinki.
  • (with C. Wunsch) “Neo-Babylonian notaries and their use of seals.” In W.W. Hallo and I.J. Winter (eds), Seals and Seal Impressions. Proceedings of the XLVe Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Part II. Yale University. Bethesda, MD: CDL Press, pp. 197–213.


  • 350 contributions to Heather D. Baker (ed.), The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, Volume 2, Part I: H–K. Helsinki.


  • 50 contributions to Karen Radner (ed.), The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, Volume 1, Part II: B–G. Helsinki.


  • “Mesopotamia” and “The Development of Early Maps.” In The Reader’s Digest Family Encyclopedia of World History.


  • text edition no. 10 in M. Weszeli and H. Baker, “Eseleien II,” Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes 87: 231–247.


  • “Small Finds.” In H.D. Baker et al., “Kilise Tepe 1994,” Anatolian Studies 45: 186–189.
  • “Neo-Babylonian Burials Revisited.” In A.R. Green and S. Campbell (eds), The Archaeology of Death in the Ancient Near East. Oxbow Monographs 51. Oxford: Oxbow, pp. 209–220.


  • “The Grinding Stones,” in A. Green (ed.), The 6G Ash-Tip and its contents. Abu Salabikh Excavations 4. London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq, pp. 163–165.

last updated: 9 January 2016