Born 15.5.1911 in Cologne, died on 24.1.1978. Dermatologist, Medical Doctor. Surgical assistant at the Hohenlychen Sanatoria and at Ravensbrück Women's Concentration Camp. Defendant in the Medical Trial. Oberheuser studied medicine from 1931 to 1937 in Bonn and Düsseldorf, and completed her medical doctorate in Bonn. Afterwards she did a specialty training at the Skin Clinic of the Düsseldorf Medical Academy and, in 1940, received her license to practice as a specialist for skin and sexually transmitted diseases. From 1940 to 1943, Herta Oberheuser worked as a specialist and camp physician at Ravensbrück Concentration Camp. There, under the direction of Karl Gebhardt, she actively participated in the surgical experiments on prisoners. She was later transferred as a surgical assistant to the SS Sanatorium Hohenlychen. In 1935, Oberheuser joined the League of German Girls and worked as a physician there (Ringarzt). She joined the NSDAP on 1.5.1937 (Pg. No. 4,468,291). Oberheuser was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment by the American Military Tribunal No.1 in August 1947. This was later reduced to 10 years, and in April 1952, she was released early because of "good conduct." She then opened a practice in Stocksee near Plön in Schleswig-Holstein, however, had to close it again in response to protests of the Association of Former Ravensbrück Concentration Camp Prisoners.
(the above text comes from the book by Dörner, Klaus, The Nuremberg Medical Trial, 1946/47:guide to the microfiche-edition , K.G. Saur, 2001)