RGB1005HS -- INTRODUCTION TO THE OLD TESTAMENT -- M. Kolarcik – January, 2011 Thursdays 7-9pm
This introductory course explores the thematic unity of the Old Testament under the heading of Covenantal Theology. Significant covenantal moments are studied in their historical manifestations, cultic realizations, and literary expressions (Abram, Sinai, David/Zion, Prophetic, Exile, Deuteronomic, Priestly-Noah/Abraham, Wisdom, New Testamental Period). Literary and rhetorical analysis, historical and textual criticism are employed as means of exploring the biblical texts. Lectures, readings, six study papers, group collaboration in defining two sets of some fifty technical terms..
Textbook: COLLINS, John J. Introduction to the Hebrew Bible (with CDRom).
: Fortress, 2004. (Ordered at Crux Book Store, Minneapolis ). Wycliffe College
Recommended texts :ANDERSON, Bernard W., Steven BISHOP, Judith H. NEWMAN. Understanding the Old Testament. 5th edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall: 2007
, CAMPBELL , F., Mark A. O’BRIEN. Rethinking the Pentateuch, Prolegomena to the Theology of Ancient Antony . Israel , KE: Louisville John Knox, 2005. Westminster
HAHN, Scott W. Kinship by Covenant: A Canonical Approach to the Fulfillment of God's Saving Promises. The Anchor Yale Bible Reference Library. New Haven: Yale University, 2009.
LEVENSON, Jon. Sinai and
: an Entry into the Jewish Bible. San Fransisco: Harper & Row, 1987. Zion
ANDERSON, Bernhard W. Contours of Old Testament Theology.
: Fortress, 1999. Minneapolis
BRIGHT, John. A History of
. 4th edition. Israel : Philadelphia , 2001. Westminster
Two general introductions which I regularly use are:
BOADT, Lawrence. Reading the Old Testament, an Introduction.
: Paulist, 1984. New York
CERESKO, Anthony. An Introduction to the Old Testament, A Liberation Perspective. Updated and Revised. First edition, 1992.
: Orbis, Maryknoll, 2001. New York
For reading assignments and tasks for each lecture go to the Materials file under Content, if you are logged in through the portal,or from the webpage to
For Guidance on Writing Style and specifically for referencing your work follow
Turabian (The University of Toronto Writing Manual)
Questions for study based on lecture material (in alphabetical characters) and on reading assignments (in numerical characters).
Answer one question in three pages, double-spaced, timesroman12 point.
First Assignment Due January 27th
a) Explain briefly the narrative arch of call/covenant/test for the Abrahamic covenant in Gen 12,15, 22.
b) What unique perspectives on covenant theology are presented in the narrative of Genesis 15?
c) The story of the call for Abraham to sacrifice Isaac has been understood as the climax of the entire Abrahamic cycle. What explanation would you offer for this high regard the story has had in the history of interpretation?
1) Explain briefly the documentary hypothesis that accounts for the divergent materials in the pentateuchal narratives (Ceresko, pp. 52-60; Collins, pp. 47-65).
2) To what extent do the ancestral narratives in Genesis portray ancient materials as well as betray signs of retrojection? (Bright, pp. 67-103)
3) To what extent must the religion of the ancestors be differentiated from that of the official polytheisms of
Mesopotamia? (Ceresko, pp 27-37; Collins, pp. 25-46)
Second Assignment Due February 10th
d) How does the narration of the birth of Moses prefigure
as a nation (Exodus 2)? Israel
e) How does the story of the theophany from the burning bush represent a radical change in the life of Moses?
f) The exodus narrative that reveals God's plan to liberate the Israelites from
is met by resistance in Moses, the people and in the Pharaoh. What significance does the resistance have for the narrative in each case? Egypt
g) Explain the complexity and possible solutions in the notion that God is presented as "hardening the heart" of the Pharaoh in the plague narrative (Exodus 7--11).
h) What are the unique features of the Sinai covenant? How would you differentiate it from the Abrahamic covenant?
i) Explain the major differences between the Sinai covenant and the Vassal-Treaty form.
j) What are the important images and ideas in the Sinai covenant according to the Elohist and the Yahwist traditions?
4) What are the arguments used to support the dating of the Exodus in the 15th and the 13th centuries? (Ceresko, pp. 72-79; Bright, pp. 120-133; )
Third Assignment Due March 3rd
k) In Joshua 2, the spies who are sent to search out the land find a haven in Rahab's house, a prostitute. What purpose lies behind the narrator's presentation of this spy story that says little about the actual spying and a great deal about the family of the prostitute?
l) In Joshua 23-24, we have the leader, Joshua, before his death, calling for the people to renew their covenant with God. What explanation would you offer for the absence of any reference to the Sinai covenant?
m) The Book of Judges presents us continuously with a pattern of
sinning, crying to God, and being delivered. Using Judges 10:6-- as an example, explain the pattern. Israel
5) What are the arguments used to sustain the theories of
's conquest, gradual infiltration, and uprising of Israel Canaan? (Ceresko, pp. 89-112; Collins, pp. 183-202; ABD 3: 545-558)
6) How would you characterize the Israelite religion with the socio-religious terms of monotheism, henotheism and polytheism? (Bright, pp. 144-162)
n) In 1 Samuel 8--12, which narrates Israel's request for a king to Samuel, there are two positions, one positive and the other negative, toward the establishment of a monarchy. What are some profound theological implications behind this rather simple request of
"to be like the other nations" and have a monarchy. Israel
o) David succeeded in establishing the monarchy where Saul had failed. What are some of the reasons the biblical writers offer for Saul's failure on the one hand and David's success on the other?
p) Describe the progression of David's rise to power through his personal relationship to Jonathan in the four episodes of 1 Sam 18:1-5; 19:1-7; 20:1-42; -18.
q) How does the Davidic covenant, which is conveyed through Nathan's oracle and David’s Prayer in 2 Sam 7, represent a cultural shift for the Israelites?
The purpose of this exercise of discussing the terms listed below is for each student to become familiar with basic terminology we come across in reading books and articles on the Old Testament. Below is the first set of terms to be defined from your reading of J.J. Collins, A. Ceresko, J. Bright, L. Boadt, and from the lectures: Provide a one sentence definition for each term. Work in groups of three or four; divide up these words and terms; and have a meeting where you discuss each term. As a group, send your file of defined terms to me by email March 10th. Follow the same procedure for the second set of terms for April 6th (see below).
Amarna Letters --
Apiru (Hapiru) --
apodictic law --
case law (casuistic law) --
chiastic structure --
Code of (Laws of) Hammurabi --
concentric structure --
Covenant Code (Book of the Covenant) --
Deuteronomist (D) --
doublet (literary) --
Elohist (E) --
eponymous writing --
parity treaty --
Patriarchal Stories --
Priestly Writer (P) --
Sea Peoples --
Babylonian Talmud --
Palestinian Talmud --
treaty formulary --
Tribal League --
vassal treaty --
Yahwist (J) --
Fourth Assignment Due March 17th
r) How would you characterize the essential aspects of literary prophecy (the writing prophets) in
? Use the vocational experiences of Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel as examples (Isa 6, Jer 1; Ezek 1-3). (Ceresko 165-188, as well as lectures) Israel
7) How do the three major prophets, Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel, use the past Mosaic and Davidic covenant expressions to express hope? (Ceresko 189-214, 221-231, Collins 307-378 and lectures)
8) Why was the Babylonian exile a serious threat to the faith of
? (Ceresko 217-222, Boadt 383-386, Collins 331-377). Israel
9) Explain the historical ramifications and events that led to the Babylonian exile. (Bright, chs. 8-9, pp. 310-372, 4th ed.)
Fifth Assignment Due March 31st
10) How is the book of Deuteronomy the most complete example of a treaty-formulary in the Bible? (Ceresko, 113- 124; Collins, 150-179).
s) Explain the concentric structure of Deut 8. How does this single chapter represent the Deuteronomist's strategy to elicit a commitment on the part of the Israelites? (lectures)
t) The sin of Kadesh Barnea which Moses recalls to the people before they are to cross over the Jordan river (Deut 1), reveals the level of conversion necessary for living faithfully in the Promised Land. Does this Deuteronomonic understanding of sin and conversion throw any new light on God hardening Pharaoh's heart in Exodus, on God forgiving David but not Saul in the books of Samuel, and God telling Isaiah to make the heart of the people dull lest they turn and be healed (Isa 6)? (lectures)
Second set of definition of terms to be submitted April 7th
Second set of terms to be defined from your reading of J.J. Collins, A. Ceresko, J. Bright, L.Boadt, and from the lectures: From within your group, provide a one sentence definition for each term. Definitions to be sent by email to me (email@example.com) on Monday, April 6th.
ark (of the covenant) --
Dead Sea (Qumran) Scrolls --
Enuma Elish --
etiological stories --
Gilgamesh Epic --
Hittite Grant --
Masoretes, Masoretic Text (MT) --
Merneptah Stele --
sapiential (wisdom) writing --
tent of meeting (tabernacle) --
the Priestly Code --
the Holiness Code (H) --
Sixth Assignment Due April 14th (Thursday of Exam week)
u) What are some possible motives as to why Writers would add another story of creation (Genesis 1) to that of the Yahwist account (Genesis 2:4—)?
11 How is the opening account of creation (Genesis 1) to be understood as critiquing the Babylonian myth of creation, the Enuma Elish? (Ceresko 244-253, Boadt, 114-117, Collins 67-77)
12) How would you account for the relative absence of the covenant image in Wisdom Writings? What theological concern becomes the backdrop for sapiential thought? (Ceresko, 273-282; Collins 487-495, 505-508 lectures)
v) Compare and contrast the Deuteronomistic and Priestly approaches to the crisis of faith occasioned by the Babylonian exile. How does each tradition appeal to covenant images to respond to the crisis of faith? (Mostly lectures)
w) Explain the Priestly emphases in covenant theology through their re-working of the Yahwist story of Noah (Genesis 9) and their reformulation (Genesis 17) of the Yahwistic account of the covenant with Abraham. (lectures)
x) Using the Joseph narrative (Gen 37—50) or the story of Jonah, explain the main features and concerns of Wisdom Literature.
y) Explain the uniqueness of the personification of wisdom evidenced in Prov 8, Sir 24, Wis 9.
z) What is New in the New Covenant of Christ? How is the relationship between the Covenant of Sinai and the New Covenant of Christ conceived and explained in Romans and in the Letter to the Hebrews?
1) INTRODUCTORY BACKGROUND MATERIAL
ADAM, A.K.M. ed. Postmodern Interpretations of the Bible: A Reader.
: Chalice, 2001. St. Louis, Missouri
ADAM, A.K.M. ed Handbook of Postmodern Biblical Interpretation.
: Chalice, 2000. St. Louis, Missouri
ALTER, R. and F. KERMADE, eds. The Literary Guide to the Bible,
: Belknap Press of Cambridge, Massachusetts Press, 1987. (Reference Shelf BS 535 L54) Harvard University
BACH, A. ed. Women in the Hebrew Bible: A Reader.
: Routledge, 1999. New York
BARR, J. The Concept of Biblical Theology: An Old Testament Perspective.
: Fortress, 1999. Minneapolis
BRUEGGEMANN, W. Theology of the Old Testament: Testimony, Dispute, Advocacy.
: Fortress Press, 1997. Minneapolis
CHILDS, B.S. Biblical Theology of the Old and New Testaments.
: Fortress, 1993. Minneapolis
CHILDS, B.S. Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture.
: Fortress, 1979. Philadelphia
EISSFELDT, O. The Old Testament: An Introduction. Translated by Peter R. Ackroyd.
: Blackwell,1974. London
FRYE, N. The Great Code: the Bible and Literature.
: Academic, 1982. Toronto
GOTTWALD, N.K. The Hebrew Bible: A Social-Literary Introduction.
: Fortress Press, 1985. Philadelphia
GOTTWALD, N.K. The Tribes of Yahweh.
: Orbis Books, 1979. Maryknoll, N.Y.
KIM, Wonil and others, eds., Reading the Hebrew Bible for a New Millennium: Form, Concept, and Theological Perspective, Studies in Antiquity & Christianity. Vol 1: Theological and Hermeneutical Studies, Vol 2: Exegetical and Theological Studies,
: Trinity Press Internation, 2000. Harrisburg, PA
LOHFINK, N. Theology of the Pentateuch: Themes of the Priestly Narrative and Deuteronomy. Translated L.M. Maloney,
: Fortress, 1994. Minneapolis
PILCH, J. Introducing the Cultural Context of the Old Testament. Vol. 1.
: Paulist, 1991. New York
PRITCHARD, J.B. Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament. ANET 3rd edition with supplement.
Princeton: , 1963. (Reference) Princeton University
von RAD, G. Old Testament Theology. Vol. I, II. Translated D.M.G. London: Stalker, 1975.
RENDTORFF, R. The Old Testament: An Introduction.
, Fortress, 1986. Philadelphia
RICOEUR, P. "Philosophy and Religious Language.” JR 54 (1974) 71-85.
RICOEUR, P. "Philosophical Hermeneutics and Theological Hermeneutics.” Studies in Religion/Sciences Religieuses 5 (1975) 14-33.
RICOEUR, P. "Creativity in Language.” Philosophy Today 17 (1973) 97-111.
RICOEUR, P. "Biblical Hermeneutics.” Semeia 4 (1975) 29-145.
2) GENERAL INTRODUCTIONS TO "COVENANT"
AZELLES, H. "Covenant.” [
: 1975]. Sacramentum Mundi, New York
HILLERS, D.R. Covenant: The History of a Biblical Idea. Baltimore: 1969.
McCARTHY, D.J. Old Testament Covenant: A Survey of Current Opinions.
: Blackwell, 1972. Oxford
McKENZIE, J.L. "Aspects of Old Testment Thought.” [The New Jerome Biblical Commentary. eds., BROWN, FITZMYER,
MURPHY, Prentice Hall,
: 1990, 1284-1315]. New Jersey
MENDENHALL, G.E. "Covenant.” [IDB. (Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible) vol. 1].
MENDENHALL, G.E and G.A. HERION. "Covenant.” The Anchor Bible Dictionary, I 1179-1202.
WEINFELD, M. "berith.” TDOT (Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament) Volume 2.
: William B. Eerdmans, 1977. Grand Rapids, MI
3) GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY ON THE COVENANTADEYEMI, F. The New Covenant Torah in Jeremiah and the Law of Christ in Paul.
: Peter Lang, 2006 New York
BALTZER, K. The Covenant Formulary in the Old Testament. Translated D.E. Green.
: Fortress, 1971. Philadelphia
BRIGHT, J. Covenant and Promise: the prophetic understanding of the future in pre-exilic
. Israel : Philadelphia Press, 1976. Westminster
BRUEGGEMANN, W. The Land: Place as Gift, Promise, and Challenge in the Biblical Faith.
: Fortress,1977. New York
BRUEGGEMANN, W. David's Truth in
's Imagination and Memory. New York: Fortress, 1985. |bs 580 d3 b78 Israel
CLEMENTS, R.E. Prophecy and Covenant. SBT 43,
: SCM Press, 1965. London
CLEMENTS, R.E. Abraham and David, Genesis 15 and its Meaning for Israelite Tradition. SBT 2:5,
: . London
CLEMENTS, R.E. God's
ChosenPeople: A Theological Interpretation of the Book of Deuteronomy. : Old Testament Message 5. R. Deuteronomy, with Excursus on Covenant and Law. London : Wilmington
CRENSHAW, J.L. Story and Faith, a Guide to the Old Testament. 1982.
: Macmillan, 1986. New York
CROSS, F.M. Canaanite Myth and Hebrew Epic.
, Mass: Cambridge 1973. (See especially "The Ideologies of Kingship in the Era of the Empire: Conditional Covenant and Eternal Decree.” 219-273).
Dumbrell, William J. Covenant and Creation : a theology of Old Testament covenants.
: T. Nelson, 1984. Nashville
GUTHRIE, H. Israel's Sacred Songs: a study of dominant themes.
: Seabury, 1966. New York
HAHN, Scott W. Kinship by Covenant: A Canonical Approach to the Fulfillment of God's Saving Promises. The Anchor Yale Bible Reference Library. New Haven: Yale University, 2009.
KALLUVEETTIL, P. Declaration and Covenant, A Comprehensive Review of Covenant Formulae from the Old Testament and the Ancient Near East. Analecta Biblica 88. Rome: Pontifical Biblical Institute, 1982.
McCARTHY, D.J. Treaty and Covenant: A Study in Form in the Ancient Oriental Documents and in the Old Testament. Analecta Biblica 21a.
: Pontifical Biblical Institute, 1978. Rome
McCARTHY, D.J. Institution and Narrative: Collected Essays. Analecta Biblica 108.
: Pontifical Biblical Institute, 1985. Rome
McCOMISKEY, T.E. The Covenants of Promise: a theology of Old Testament Covenants.
: Grand Rapids
McEVENUE, S.E. The Narrative Style of the Priestly Writers. Analecta Biblica 50, 1985.
: Pontifical Biblical Institute, 1971. Rome
MENDENHALL, G.E. Law and Covenant in
and the Ancient Near East. Israel : Pittsburg 1955.
MENDENHALL, G.E. The Tenth Generation; the origins of the biblical tradition.
: Baltimore , 1973. John Hopkins University
NEWMAN, Murray Lee. The People of the Covenant.
: Abingdon, 1962. New York
NICHOLSON, Ernest W. God and his people : covenant and theology in the Old Testament.
: Clarendon; Oxford : New York , 1986. Oxford University
NICHOLSON, Ernest W. Exodus and Sinai in History and Tradition.
: Clarendon, 1973. Oxford
ORLINSKI, H.M. The So-Called "Servant of the Lord" and Suffering Servant in 2nd Isaiah. VTSup 14 (1967). [Note the appendix, "A Light of Nations, A Covenant People,” 97-119].
Person, Raymond F. The
: history, social setting, and literature. Deuteronomic School : Society of Biblical Literature, 2002. Atlanta, GA
PLASTARAS, J. Creation and Covenant.
POLZIN, R. Moses and the Deuteronomist. 1968.
: Seabury, 1980. New York
SCHMIDT, W.H. The Faith of the Old Testament.
: Basil Blackwell, 1983. London
W. VOGELS, La Promesse Royale de Yahweh Préparatoire à L'Alliance. Ottawa: 1970.
M. WEINFELD, Deuteronomy and the Deuteronomic School,
WHYBRAY, R.N. The Succession Narrative: A Study of 2 Samuel 9-29, 1 Kings 1 and 2. 1972.
: 1968. London
WRIGHT, C.J.H. God's People in God's Land, Family, Land and Property in the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1990.
4) ARTICLES ON COVENANT
BRUEGGEMANN, W. "Amos 4:4-13 and
's Covenant Worship.” VT 15 (1965). Israel
BUSS, M.J. "Covenant, Theme in Historical Perspective.” VT 16 (1966).
CAMBELL, A.I. "An Historical Prologue in a Seventh Century Treaty.” Bib 50 (1969).
EICHRODT, W. "Covenant and Law.” Interpretation 20 (1966).
FENSHAM, F.C. "Father and Son Terminology for Treaty and Covenant.” [Near Eastern Studies in Honor of W.F. Albright, ed. H. Goedicke,
: 1971]. Baltimore
FENSHAM, F.C. "Common Trends in Curses of the Near-Eastern Treaties and Kudurru-Inscriptions Compared with Maledictions of Amos and Isaiah.” ZAW 75 (1963).
FENSHAM, F.C. "Covenant, Promise and Expectation in the Bible.” TZ 23 (1967).
FENSHAM, F.C. "Malediction and Benediction in Ancient Near-Eastern Vassal Treaties and the Old Testament.” ZAW 74 (1962).
FITZMYER, J.A. "The Aramaic Treaty from Sefire in the
.” CBQ 20 (1958). Museumof Beirut
FREEDMAN, D.N. "Divine Commitment and Human Obligation.” Interpretation 18 (1964).
GERSTENBERGER, E. "Covenant and Commandment.” JBL 84 (1965).
HELD, M. "Philological Notes on the Mari Covenant Rituals.” BASOR 200 (1970).
HEPPENSTALL, E. "The Law and the Covenant of Sinai.” AndrewsUnivSeminarySt 2 (1964).
HILLERS, D.R. "berit 'am, Emancipation of the People.” JBL 97 (1978).
JOTHANN, C.D. "The Covenant and Covenant Making in the Pentateuch." BangaloreTheologicalForum 3 (1969).
KLINE, M.G. "Law Covenant.” WestminThJ 27 (1964).
KLINE, M.G. "Dynastic Covenant.” WestminThJ 27 (1964).
LEVENSON, J.D. "The Davidic Covenant and its Modern Interpreters.” CBQ 41 (1979).
MARTIN-ACHARD, R. "La nouvelle alliance selon Jérémie.” RThPh 3:12 (1962); also in [Questions disputées... see D.J. McCarthy]
MARTIN-ACHARD, R. "La signification de l'alliance dans l'Ancien Testament d'après quelques travaux récents.” RThPh (1969).
MAYES, A.D.H. "The Covenant on Sinai and the Covenant with David.” Hermathena 110 (1970).
MAYES, A.D.H. "King and Covenant, a study of 1K 22-23.” Hermathena 124 (1978).
McCARTHY, D.J. "berit and Covenant in the Deuteronomistic History.” [Studies in the Religion and History of Ancient
. VT 23 (1972)]. Israel
McCARTHY, D.J. "berit in Old Testament History and Theology.” Bib 53 (1972).
McCARTHY, D.J. "2Sam 7 and the Structure of the Deuteronomistic History.” JBL 84 (1965).
McCARTHY, D.J. "Covenant Relationships.” [Questions disputées d'Ancien Testament, BETL 33, ed. C.H.W. Brekelmans, Leuven-Gembloux: 1974].
McCARTHY, D.J. "Prophets and Covenantal Community.” Jeevadhara 11 (1981).
D.J. McCARTHY, "Moses' Dealings with Pharaoh.” CBQ 27 (1965).
McCARTHY, D.J. "Notes on the Love of God in Deuteronomy and the Father-Son Relationship between Yahweh and
.” CBQ 27 (1972) 144-147. Israel
McKAY, J.W. "Man's Love for God in Deuteronomy and the Father/Teacher -- Son/Pupil Relationship.” VT 22 (1972) 426-435.
McKENZIE, J.L. "The Dynastic Oracle: 2 Sam 7.” ThSt 8 (1947) 187-218.
McKENZIE, S.L and H.N. WALLACE. "Covenant Themes in Malachi.” CBQ 45:4 (1983).
MORAN, W.L. "The Ancient Near Eastern Background of the Love of God in Deuteronomy.” CBQ 24 (1963).
W. MOST, "A Biblical Theology of Redemption in a Covenantal Framework.” CBQ 29 (1959).
MUILENBURG, J. "The Form and Structure of the Covenantal Formulations.” VT 9 (1959).
NICHOLSON, E.W. "The Covenant Ritual in Ex 24:3-8.” VT 32 (1982).
NICHOLSON, E.W. "The Tradition in Exodus 24:9-11.” VT 26 (1976).
NICHOLSON, E.W. "The Interpretation of Exodus 24:9-11.” VT 24 (1974).
O'DOHERTY, E. "The Organic Development of Messianic Revelation.” CBQ 19 (1957) 16-24.
PRUSSNER, F.C. "The Covenant of David and the Problem of the Unity in Old Testament Theology.” [Transitions in Biblical Scholarship, ed. J.C. Rylaarsdam, Chicago: 1968].
QUELL, G. "diatheke, The Old Testament term berit.” Theological Dictionary of the Bible.
RIEMANN, P.A. "Covenant, Mosaic.” [IDB, suppl. vol, Nashville: 1976].
SWETNAM, J. "Why was Jeremiah's new covenant new?.” [Studies on Prophecy, VTSup 26 (1974)].
SWETNAM, J. "Diatheke in the Septuagint account of Sinai: A Suggestion.” Bib 47 (1966).
TSEVAT, M. "The House of David in Nathan's Prophecy.” Bib 46 (1965).
TSEVAT, M. "The Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian Vassal Oaths and the Prophet Ezekiel.” JBL 78 (1959).
WEINFELD, M. "berith - Covenant vs Obligation.” Bib 56 (1975).
WEINFELD, M. "Deuteronomy and the
of Inquiry.” JBL 86 (1967). Present State
WEINFELD, M. "Jeremiah and the Spiritual Metamorphis of
.” ZAW 88 (1976). Israel
WHITLEY, C.F. "Covenant and Commandment in
.” JNES 22 (1963). Israel
WIJNGAARDS, J. "Death and Resurrection in Covenantal Contexts (Hosea 6:2).” VT 17 (1967).
My office is #319, Regis College, 100 Wellesley Street West2. My office
hours are MONDAYS and THURSDAYS from 2 - 4 pm. But feel free to make an
appointment for other times or even drop in if I am free. By telephone
you can reach me through
EVALUATION: Six short essays
(three-page, double-spaced, timesroman12 point) on selected questions
arising from reading materials and class lectures
(due on Jan 27, Feb 10, Mar 3, Mar 17, Mar 31. Apr 14).
Two sets of definitions of terms employed in Old Testament studies (to be done in groups of three or four).
First set is due on March 10th.
Second set is due on April 7th.