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Welcome! The Mothers' Pension Project is an effort to gather the individual records of the United States' first welfare recipients between 1911 and 1935. Mothers' Pensions (MP) were state-level aid programs which provided cash transfers to women with dependent children. The primary interest of the researchers associated with this project is to determine the long-run impact of these pensions on children's educational, earnings and health outcomes. However, since data collection has been conducted at the individual level and therefore traces the life events of MP recipients and their children, records may be of interest to archivists and genealogists. On this site, you will find an explanation of the data gathering process, research methods, and a history of the program. To be in touch, click here. (Photo credit: Dorothea Lange, Oregon, 1939.)