A joint effort of:
GOLDVARB LION and GOLDVARB X are versions of the key methodological tool of variationist sociolinguistics — the variable rule program. This update of the program has been rewritten in C++ and runs in OS X LION (v 10.7). It is now compatible with either Macintosh or Windows environments and operates similarly in both. In addition, it has been revised to include a number of useful new user-interface features. You can now:
Perform cross-reference searches to easily find what you're looking for.
Search for things outside of the coding string.
Compute marginal results to one decimal place.
Adjust the font size, if desired.
Since Goldvarb Lion is essentially the same as Goldvarb 2.0, there is as of yet no separate user manual; manuals for older versions of the program are available for Mac and Windows. Please note that they are not intended as technical introductions to the statistical workings of the program nor as a guide to the use of multivariate analysis. For this, see references to variable rules in the literature including those listed below. You may also want to read our troubleshooting section, which we hope to update as users report arising issues.
The previous release, Goldvarb X, is also still available for download free of charge:
Download Goldvarb X for Mac (Works with OSX v 10.3.9 to OS 10.6.X - note that because this version uses PowerPC code, it runs noticably slower on machines with an Intel processor.)
Sankoff, David & Rousseau, Pascale (1979). Categorical contexts and variable rules. In Jacobson, S. (Ed.), Stockholme Papers from the Scandinavian Symposium on Syntactic Variation, Stockhome May 18-19, 1979. Almqvist and Wiksell. 7-22.
Sankoff, David (1985). Statistics in linguistics. New York Encyclopaedia of the statistical sciences 5. Wiley. 74-81.
Sankoff, David (1988). Variable rules. In Ammon, U., Dittmar, N. & Mathheier, K.J. (Eds.), Berlin Sociolinguistics: An International Handbook of the Science of Language and Society Vol. 2. Walter de Gruyter. 984-997.
Paolillo, John C. (2001). Analyzing Linguistic Variation : Statistical Models and Methods. Stanford, CA: Center for the Study of Language and Information.
Sankoff, David, Sali Tagliamonte, Eric Smith. (2012). Goldvarb LION: A variable rule application for Macintosh. Department of Linguistics, University of Toronto.
Sankoff, David, Sali Tagliamonte, Eric Smith. (2005). Goldvarb X: A variable rule application for Macintosh and Windows. Department of Linguistics, University of Toronto.
Tagliamonte, Sali A. (2006). Analysing Sociolinguistic Variation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.