General Linguistics Information
Department of Linguistics, University of Toronto
Linguistics resources, a site maintained by Stanford University's Linguistics program
popular books about linguistics
Canadian Linguistics Association / l'Association Canadienne de Linguistique
The Linguistic Society of America
The Linguist List.
This is a great on-line resource of e-mail communiques for the
international linguistic community. It includes conference
announcements, calls for papers, debates on many issues, job
A great book describing possible research projects:
Wray, Alison, Kate Trott & Aileen Bloomer. 1998. Projects in Linguistics: A Practical Guide to Researching Language. London: Arnold / NY: Oxford. (P126 .W73 1998 )
Research with Human Subjects Ethics guidelines (U of T)
- Many projects students may undertake as part of their Linguistics training can be overseen by the Ethics Committee within the Department of Linguistics.
A list of films about linguistic issues, and a list of films about endangered languages
The CHILDES database, a big collection of transcribed children's speech (L1 and L2)
Guidelines for making conference posters
Searchable database of resources on Canadian languages and one specifically on Canadian English.
A comparison of American & British English vowels (sound files and vowel quadrilateral diagrams)
Many recordings in different dialects of English of several reading passages
Highlights of the San Francisco Chronicle's reporting of the Oakland Schoolboard decision on Ebonics.
How to write a sociolinguistics paper
Tools for multivariate regression analysis
Shiny Rbrul (graphic interface)
Lexical sets (John Wells's set of words representing vowel sounds)
Making vowel plots:
Here are 2 options. In both you can normalize across speakers at the same time.
- NORM makes individual and group
plots very quickly, without needing much technical training. You just have to organize your data in a specific
way (and the website has good instructions on that).
- Another option is the R package phonR. It is more customizable and easier if you have a lot of manipulations you want to try on one data set. It has many plotting
functions, allows multiple measurement points and supports IPA and other unicode fonts. To get started (putting your own data into R), here is
a good youtube
channel (watch only the first few videos). Then download the packages phonTools, vowel, phonR. Its author is Daniel McCloy.
Links to interesting phonetics websites
More links to phonetics websites
Information about varieties of American English
Ladefoged's phonetics textbook has accompanying sound files online.
is freeware for conducting acoustic analysis, and doing many other
interesting things with spoken language. You can download it and try it
out on almost any platform. You'll find a tutorial at the download page as well.
A Pictorial Guide to Fourier Analyis
Manual for the Fostex digital recorder (Phonetics lab)
Short instructions for the Zoom H4 digital recorder (Phonetics lab)
Short instructions for the Marantz digital recorder (Phonetics lab)
Phonetic fonts for your computer
You can download font files to install on your Mac or PC.
Download the Mac version of IPAPhon (compressed as .hqx)
Download the Windows version of IPAPhon (zipped)
You can learn more about IPAPhon at Henry Roger's site.
You might also try the SIL Doulos font, which is used more widely.
Typology, Syntax, and Morphology
The World Atlas of Linguistics Structures
on-line is an excellent resource if you want to see what sorts of
syntactic and morphological structures can be found in particular parts
of the world. Check out the neat maps.
The Corpus of Contemporary American English
(COCA) is a database of 385 million words that is publicly available
with a user-friendly interface. You can use it to find items with
the same prefixes or suffixes, or longer collocations of words.
It's updated with 20 million words each year.
is a site that lists all of the languages in the world, along with
their family classification and often some references to dictionaries
and grammars. If you want to find out what family a language
belongs to, or whether something is a dialect of something else, this
is the place to go.
You can transcribe in ELAN. It's FREE, very versatile, and there are lots of directions for using it for transcribing, extracting, and coding sociolinguistic data here. It has all the functionality of Express Scribe (see below), and a whole lot more.
You can transcribe directly in Praat by creating a TextGrid. Here's how to do that. (But I'd recommend using ELAN -- see one line up.)
Guidelines for transcription and for extracting tokens in a word processing program.
Express Scribe is another free transcribing software (for Mac and Windows).
This lets you control a digital recording (Play, Stop, Rewind, change
speed, etc.) from inside your word processing program for efficient
transcription of recorded speech. You can download it for Mac or
Windows. It's very quick and easy to learn. You stop and start the
recording using Hot Keys.
There is one little piece of information that isn't mentioned in
Express Scribe's help files that you'll need to know, at least for the
Mac version. In order for the program to read the .wav (or .aif or
.mp3) files on your computer, you need to go in to the Incoming panel
of the Preference settings and designate a folder where you will/have
put the sound files, choose how you want the files to load (one at a
time or all at once) and choose what file types you want it to load.
Transcriber is also free transcribing software for Mac. You can download it here. I have these directions for use (.doc).
Guidelines for your academic cv
Links to some companies that employ linguists
Blog/advice column about non-academic linguistics jobs
Oct. 4, 2016